In the last year of my graduation, I got a chance for a writing competition for a college magazine. It was the contest for the selection of College Magazine Editor. Fifteen candidates showed their interest who having taste for reading literature. All aspirant competitors were excited. It was the first time when the writing competition was arranged in the college. The organizer asked us to write three hundred words about ‘The Situation of Indian Women’ in the country.  Aha! The topic was very appealing to me as I was more dreamed for future life comparatively other girls because I had a number of objections about the life of a female. On the other hand, extempore writing is difficult for all of us. Appropriate words and sentence arrangement was a challenging task. But I tried my best to make a contrast between the present and future life of the woman.

Daughter v/s worry – I won the competition and selected the college magazine editor. There is no purpose of mine to mention my first achievement in writing. I want to discuss how our society and whole system deals with females’ abilities. after getting married. Even political anarchy and support of a state also spoils and cultivates respectively the living standard of women. Terrorism in a country or a state compels people to turn down their motives especially for women. Worries of parents who have young girls in their homes were teasing them. In the same year 1992, when I won the contest; my parents fixed my marriage date due to growing terrorism in the state.

Wait for Good Time – After my marriage, I wrote my first and last published editorial for the college magazine. Then for seventeen years how I waited for the time when getting a chance to write and publish. It was unbelievable and different than my competitor’s article that I wrote to impress my organizer teachers. How much difficult and annoyed living a life when all the ambitions are strangled hold tightly in-laws home for a new weds girl. What a miserable liveliness! Dealing with our society and families how much unlike; can’t describe in words.  

Home Environment – Then I realize why is India lags behind many small countries of the world. Even it has an abundance of natural as well as human resources. The half population has made it crippled by traditional thinking. Therefore I am listening, reading, and writing – India is a developing country, for forty years. The rigidity of home rules always demands woman’s sacrifice in India. The forced discipline of our homes crushed the working ability of females. What will the results be? Sometimes I feel it is little possible to change the views of folk. Why do most writers write for a woman’s better life? Why do I advocate? Waves for change blow less in the social environment because not many people want to read history. I think history can teach each person easily how can they work for the betterment of everyone’s present and future life.  

A wise King – In the age of the thirteenth century, a Mughal emperor Shams ud-Din Illtutmish was the 3rd king of Mamluk Density who ruled the former Ghurid territory in Northern India. He was the first sovereign, who started the rule from Delhi. He was considered the founder of the Delhi Sultanate. Illtutmish spent his early life in Bukhara and Ghazni as a slave under multiple masters. In the late 1190s, the Ghurid slave commander Qutb al-Din Aibak purchased him in Delhi. His talent for military actions impressed the king. He declared himself as a king after Aibak’s death and he became an independent king. He was a foresighted person. He knew the power of the developed capabilities of humans.

Secular Thinking – He had one daughter and two sons. He couldn’t ignore the ability of his daughter. Therefore he made a provision for his daughter’s military training as his sons. Her name was Sultan Raziyyat-ud-Dunya ud Din popularly known as Razia Sultana. Razia administrated efficiently at Delhi when her father was busy in the Gwalior campaign. His father impressed by her work deeply and felt proud as his daughter gave him an accountable response in his absence. On comparing his sons. They were pleasure lovers. He felt her daughter Razia should be selected as his successor. He wanted to nominate her. But some courtiers were against his will.

Sati Pratha – He did so. Because he knew his sons were lazy and irresponsible. Razia Sultana ruled over Delhi for four years. It was an example of woman’s empowerment in the 13th century. It was the time when the practice of Sati Pratha was common in the country. It was a condemning social evil of India in which a widow woman was compelled to burn in her husband’s pyre. This paratha shows two social weak aspects. First- the Indian society was too unable to support a widow for her livelihood. Second is, society had no sympathy toward a widow woman consider a burden.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy – This practice was going to continue for centuries because Hinduism had strict rules. The orthodox social leaders were against change but a genius scholar Raja Ram Mohan Roy took an action against the cruel and inhuman activity. He was known as a social reformer. His views and actions started to eradicate social evils. He was the father of the Bengal renaissance and the founder of Bromo Samja. He was born on August 14, 1774, in a Brahmin, wealthy family. His father was an orthodox person who liked to follow the rigidity of social customs and asked his son to follow all the community rules strictly. He arranged for his son’s education. Raja Ram Mohan Roy got his education from the village school. He learned Sanskrit and Bengali languages.

Education and His Job – His father sent him for higher education in Patna [now the capital city of Bihar state] where he learned Persian and Arabic languages. These languages were highly demanded during that time. He also learned English, willing; at the age of twenty-two. He studied English literature. He impressed by great philosophers Euclid and Aristotle. The views of these philosophers helped him to develop his own Ideology. He was working as a private clerk in the East India Company. He provided his writing services for Thomas Woodroffe. It was an important time when he thought Indians could be able to self-rule if they avoid following superstitions and blind beliefs. Firstly, he took an action against social evils like Sati pratha, child marriage, religious unscientific, and baseless beliefs.

Social Reformer – He established an organization Bromo Samaj for social reforms. He condemned social evils by his writings. His writings were liked by the Britishers and Unitarians. He wrote about the cruel practice of Sati Pratha. He published his book Sati. He used powerful words for condemning so that he could save the life of widows. No his reader could escape himself from sympathy with women. His honest intentions reached to Lord William Bentinck who was the Governor-General of India.[1828 – 1835] He impressed highly by his intense appealing and determined views. He came to know the injustice for widow women in India. Raja Ram Mohan Roy fought against Sati Pratha with commitment. As the dividend for his heartiest efforts; the Bengal Sati Regulation xviii, AD, 1829 cod was passed by the British government.

A Ray of Hope – This Pratha was banned in Bengal Province strictly. He worked so hard that women could take a sigh of relief. The greatness of this great personality cannot be measured by the scale of words that helped Indian women to think about the betterment of their and their families’ lives. He gave a direction to people- help the girl to make economically independent. They have equal righteous for his father’s property. The present-day, 21st century has followed the view by halves. But girls are making progress in each sector. Although, it is less comparatively developed countries. There is a need for more efforts, for the better life of women. Education for a girl is necessary. It is a powerful tool that can show the proper way to live them.